In this article on the Komodo Dragon , we will try to unravel as many mysteries as possible concerning the famous monitor lizard. We will provide answers to a multitude of questions on this one, such as:

  • His origins
  • His physic
  • Its dangerousness

The Komodo Monitor Lizard remains one of the most fascinating and fantastic living creatures of our time, find out through our “Ultimate Guide”. I wish you good reading.

WHO IS THE KOMODO DRAGON?

They’re as charismatic as orangutans, tigers, or pandas, but the future of Earth’s largest lizard is uncertain. The Komodo dragon , ( Varanus komodoensis ), is the largest species of lizard existing on the planet, this reptile is part of the Varanidae family . Also called Komodo monster and Komodo monitor lizard , it is found on Komodo Island and on near a few Sunda Islands (Insulindian archipelago), in central Indonesia. 🦎

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Popular interest in the large size and predatory habits of this particular lizard has allowed this endangered species to become an ecotourism attraction, which has thankfully encouraged its protection. However, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Komodo dragon is currently in a “vulnerable” state of conservation. 😭

Komodo dragon

These large lizards range in color from black to gray-yellow, depending on their location, and have rough, durable skin reinforced with osteoderms (bony plaques) that protect them from injury from scrapes and bites. The Komodo dragon also has a large, muscular tail and long, powerful claws. It reminds us of the mythical fire-breathing dragons. 🔥

WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF THE KOMODO DRAGON?

Where do they come from ? Although they are famous for having inhabited the Indonesian island of Komodo and the surrounding islands, the Komodo dragon made its debut in Australia. According to fossils, the Komodo dragons moved from Australia to the islands of Indonesia, arriving on Flores Island about 900,000 years ago. According to paleontologist and environmentalist Tim Flannery, the Komodo dragon would have disappeared from Australia about 50,000 years ago, a disappearance that coincides with the arrival of humans on the continent. 🌴

Komodo dragon island of Flores

WHAT IS THE HABITAT OF THE KOMODO DRAGON?

What does their habitat look like? These are quite rare creatures and can only be found in the wild on five islands: Komodo Minor Probe, Rinca, Gili Montang, and Gili Dasami, all located in Komodo National Park , and on Flores Island. , where they move freely. They are able to continue to thrive under conditions that are not suitable for other creatures or humans. Many of them are found in captivity, in zoos, as they attract large crowds. 🤓

Dragon Komodo Island

The region where the Komodo dragon lives must be arid for them to be well. They can live in the forest or in the open savannah and do best in temperatures that hover around 40 degrees Celsius each day. The area where this lizard lives in the wild is dry all year round, except during the monsoon. These reptiles need water to survive, and have the ability to store water when it rains, or when they enter water to swim. When their body gets too hot, they excrete salt instead of water. 🦎

KOMODO DRAGON POPULATION

There are approximately 6,000 Komodo dragons alive on this exact date. Their populations are confined to the Lower Sunda Islands of Indonesia, including the islands of Komodo (1,700), Rinca (1,300), Gili Motang (100), and Flores (possibly 2,000), according to estimates. of the “World Animal Foundation”. Komodo dragons made their first appearance outside of Indonesia in 1992 at the Washington National Zoological Park. The zoo reports that four litters have hatched and 55 cubs now live in more than 30 zoos around the world. 🐉

Komodo Dragon population

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE KOMODO DRAGON

KOMODO DRAGON SKIN COLOR

  • The adults are gray or clayey in color; the young are more colorful, with paler, mottled skin.
  • Females and males are similar in color although females have more red on the flanks.
  • One of their specific characteristics is the yellow, forked tongue.
Komodo dragon skin

SMELL OF THE KOMODO DRAGON

  • It is its primary food detector, it can spot carrion up to a distance of 5 km.
  • Odorous particles in the air are collected by the forked tongue and brought to the palate (Jacobson’s organs) where signals are generated and sent to the brain.

VISION OF THE KOMODO DRAGON

  • Retinas have only conical cells that can detect color, but are weak in dim light.
  • It can see up to a distance of 300 meters. Very useful in hunting to detect the movements of its targets.
Komodo dragon eye

HEARING THE KOMODO DRAGON

  • The Komodo dragon is not deaf, but it is not so much dependent on sound as it is on smell.
  • It can only hear a small range of frequencies.

WHAT IS THE SIZE OF THE KOMODO DRAGON?

This Komodo dragon can reach a total length of 3 meters (the average is 2 meters). Females are smaller and measure up to 1.8 meters in length. These proportions are data collected in captivity. The physical characteristics of the Komodo dragon are impressive. Of the 5,600 species of lizards, the Komodo dragon is the largest in the world. Due to the size and aggressiveness of the Komodo dragon, there are stories and legends about them in many cultures. The size of the Komodo dragon plays a major role in the food chain. 🦎

Komodo dragon size

These (non-extinct) reptiles are the most spectacular in terms of size and they still exist in the world today. They are so tall that they are named after mythical giants. These awesome creatures are unique in many ways. However, the size of the Komodo dragon is certainly its most obvious physical trait. At full maturity, once on its hind legs its height is much greater than the average height of humans (1.71 meters) in the world. In addition, they dominate the eco-system in which they live thanks to their imposing sizes. 🐲

WHAT WEIGHT IS THE KOMODO DRAGON?

With a staggering average weight of 70 kg, these lizards are real monsters. This makes the Komodo dragon slightly heavier on average than humans (although it is well below the US average of 88.8 kg). They are therefore much larger than other lizards, which weigh around 15 kg. These huge weights are just averages. The largest Komodo dragon reliably measured weighed 166 kg! This is more than the weight of a standard refrigerator. Males tend to grow larger and bulkier than females. The little ones weigh less than 100 grams. Their early years are precarious, and they often fall victim to predators, including other Komodo dragons. At 5 years old, they weigh about 25 kilograms. At this point, they begin to hunt larger prey. They continue to grow slowly throughout their lives. 🦎

Komodo dragon weight

The weight of the Komodo dragon is sometimes reported to be even higher than this. This is due to another amazing ability of the Komodo dragon. Their stomachs expand easily when they eat. This allows them to eat up to 80% of their weight in one meal! Imagine you almost doubled in weight after eating a big Christmas meal. This extreme weight gain slows them down considerably. Therefore, he vomits the contents of his stomach when threatened. This allows it to quickly escape its predators when needed. It’s one way to deal with an eating coma. The Komodo dragon is not only tall but also muscular. This contributes to their massive weight. Although they are definitely the biggest lizards in terms of weight. 🐉

IS KOMODO DRAGON VENOM DEADLY?

The team of the youtube channel “Animal Planet” observes the Komodo dragons hunting in the wild during a visit to the island of Rinca in Indonesia. They then demonstrate the effect of the powerful venom on a piece of raw meat, the experiment takes place in 5 minutes and 25 seconds . The goal is simple, to compare the bacteria and toxins present in the mouth of the man to that of the reptile, after the bite, they will come to settle and contaminate the meat for 3 days. The result is deadly mind-blowing. 😱https://www.youtube.com/embed/QaVkZ7BP-i8

The Komodo dragon is one of the few lizards to have a poisonous bite . These stealthy and powerful hunters rely on their sense of smell to detect food, using their long forked tongues to sample the air and detect smells and flavors. Each of the two ends of it captures molecules belonging to the prey and transfers them to a sensory organ in the mouth, which will mark the path to follow. 🦎

Another reason why these creatures are so fascinating is that they are immune to their own poisons . The reason is unknown, but members of their species are themselves protected from the venom of their fellows. Scientists are studying the possibility of finding antibodies in the blood of the Komodo dragon that could be responsible. The saliva of the Komodo dragon is poisonous , its prey often dies from wounds, although it manages to escape despite the bite, it often succumbs to the infection of its wounds. 😵

Venom Komodo Dragon

The Komodo dragon is believed to have evolved from the large reptiles of the genus Varanus, which roamed the Earth over 200 million years ago. Many experts wonder why this species is one of only two to produce poison . They rarely need to capture live prey directly, as their toxic bite releases toxins that inhibit blood clotting.

Some herpetologists point out that the physical trauma of the bite and the introduction of bacteria from the mouth of the Komodo dragon into the wound also play a role in the decrease in vitality and death of the prey. Because they are not in a hurry once the toxin is inoculated, Komodo dragons often find their prey dying or soon after death. ☠

Poisonous komodo dragon

Its venom, among other things, lowers blood pressure, with some compounds being as potent as those found in the most poisonous snake , the Taipan (Western Australia). A Komodo dragon’s venom seeps into the wounds it inflicts on any unfortunate animal it attacks. The animal can escape the dragon’s grip, but it will not escape the venom that will eventually knock it down.

THE POWER OF A KOMODO DRAGON BITE

We know that the komodo monitor is a hardy and powerful beast, and in the video below Steve Backshall (an English naturalist) who in his mad quest seeks to add a reptile to his list of the “60 Deadliest Predators. ” of the world. And what better way than to go to Indonesia to find the biggest lizard on the globe. He will use a device that will be used to measure the power of the jaw of the komodo dragon , to ultimately deduce how dangerous the bite is. The experience begins at 1 minute and 25 seconds . 🦎https://www.youtube.com/embed/28FzV5OHqMU

Steve is interested in the bite of the komodo dragon , as lizards in general are not known for the strength of their jaws. He decides to measure his own bite first to get an idea of ​​the comparison between the lizard and himself, the result is 8.4 kg / cm². ⚖

The komodo monitors are not long in coming, curious and hungry, with the smell of blood that emanates from the meat, they hasten to shred the meat 🍖 by biting the measuring device. Steve showcases their tails which for him would serve as a defensive weapon by comparing it to a Baseball bat, during the experiment at 2 min and 48 seconds, one of the komodo dragons demonstrated on one of his friends. 🐉 Very impressed by the result of the jaw power of the reptile which is 42 kg / cm², surpassing 5 times that of man. 😲

Jawed komodo dragon

KOMODO DRAGON ATTACK

The komodo dragon has an incredible sense of smell. Experts estimate that they are able to sense up to six kilometers away if the wind is blowing in the right direction, making it easy for them to find their prey. The combination of their movement speed, powerful teeth, and infallible venom make them almost always victorious. They can run quickly and on occasion attack and kill humans. They often wait along the beaten track to ambush passing pigs, deer and cattle. 🐮

Speed ​​Komodo Dragon

Komodo dragons have very good vision, they can see their prey at a distance of up to 300 meters. They are also very fast, although they don’t need to be. Despite their robust appearance, they can run briefly at a speed of 20 km / h. But they prefer to hunt stealthily, waiting for hours for their prey to cross their path. It is a very patient animal and its victims often fall under the yoke of their attacks. The video below is a perfect example of the determination of the komodo dragon, sensitive souls refrain. 🐉https://www.youtube.com/embed/wj-x9Vriqiw

It is the komodo dragon that is said to have inspired the creation of the iconic movie monster Godzilla . They are known to fight in order to establish their dominance or to attract the attention of females. And while they generally prefer deer for dinner, they are also known to attack and eat humans, as well as other large animals, such as monkeys. 🐒

IS THE KOMODO DRAGON A THREAT TO HUMANS?

Komodo dragons have shark teeth and poisonous venom that can kill a person within hours of being bitten. Yet the villagers who have lived for generations (komodo island) alongside the world’s largest lizard were not afraid, until the dragons began to attack. Stories quickly spread in this small tropical archipelago in southeast Indonesia, the only place where endangered reptiles can still be found in the wild. Two people were killed in 2007, a young boy and a fisherman, and others were seriously injured after being attacked without provoking the lizards. 🦎

Komodo dragon attacking man

Komodo dragon attacks are still rare, experts note. But fear swirls in the fishing villages, along with questions about how best to live with dragons in the future. A 46-year-old ranger was doing paperwork when a dragon slipped down the stairs of his wooden hut in Komodo National Park and attacked his ankles which were lying under the desk. When the ranger tried to open the powerful jaw of the beast, it squeezed its teeth into his hand, he said. 🖐🏼

“I thought I wouldn’t survive … I have spent half of my life working with komodo dragons and have never seen anything like it,” the man said, showing his jagged gashes. , sewn with 55 stitches and still inflated three months later. “Fortunately, my friends heard my screams and took me to the hospital on time.” We can assume that the behaviors of the komodo dragon are quite unpredictable, he is a born hunter and predator, due to his physical abilities, he does not hesitate to attack larger than him, if you find yourself in his presence, or at least not very far, remains on your guard and at a good distance. ⚠

WHAT DOES THE KOMODO DRAGON EAT?

In summary, the diet of the Komodo dragon is rich and very varied, it includes wild pigs, goats, deer and water buffalo. In the wild, it has also been observed to eat other, smaller dragons. We know that they sometimes eat humans and human corpses. More than a dozen human deaths have been attributed to bites over the past century, although there are reports of survivors of the resulting sepsis. Few survive to tell how they escaped the Komodo dragon. 🦎

Komodo dragon attack

You got it right, his favorite meal, being carnivorous, is meat. It can ingest the equivalent of 80% of their weight in meat, which is incredible compared to humans. Better not to cross his path and not to underestimate him. 🍗 In the food chain, the only being above and who can be a danger to death is humans. 🤔In addition to hunting large mammals, the Komodo dragon feeds on its own species, they cannibalize small ones. In captivity, the Komodo dragon eats rodents, chicks and rabbits. Occasionally he consumes fish and beef carcasses.

KOMODO DRAGON AND REPRODUCTION

The Komodo dragon is a loner who lives in isolation, with the exception of matings that take place from time to time during the dry season, between May and August (the only period when you will be able to have the chance to witness the fierce combat rival males). The males compete with each other for the chance to mate with the females. The female will usually develop a visually enlarged abdomen and begin to emit pheromones which will act as signals towards the males. 🦎💘🦎https://www.youtube.com/embed/YlHCZOWdk1g

A couple during their lovemaking, I find that they lack a little privacy. 💕

HOW IS THE MATING BETWEEN KOMODO DRAGON?

During the mating period of the Komodo dragon , the large dominant males fight intensely for the females and their territory. This often happens when they congregate on a carcass for food. Blood usually flows and the loser ends up running away or freezing in place as a sign of abdication and surrender. Before mating season, females see a number of their eggs developing yellow in a process called vitellogenesis. Did you know that the komodo dragon is famous for its loyalty? Indeed, they are also known to form couple bonds, and even remain monogamous with their partner, which is rare … in lizard species. 😍

Komodo dragon brawl

As with many reptiles, the number of Komodo dragon females that nest each year often changes, due to the availability of prey and the female’s physical condition. In the wild, females do not reproduce every year. During these “rest” years, they recoup energy costs incurred by their bodies for egg production during the childbearing years. 

BABY KOMODO DRAGON

At birth, baby Komodo dragons are only 30 centimeters long. As soon as they hatch, the young run away and climb trees to avoid being eaten by their mother or other komodo dragons. The life of a young Komodo dragon is not easy. It’s true, adults consider the little ones to be easy meals. Fortunately for babies, adults are too heavy and clumsy to climb trees.

At age 4 and around 1.2 meters, young Komodo dragons descend and live on the ground, according to the San Diego Zoo. Those who survive can expect a long life. A komodo dragon has an average lifespan of 30 years. The eggs are incubated for 7-8 months and hatch in April of the following year, when insects are abundant. About twenty eggs are laid in September and are deposited in abandoned nests of megapods: medium-sized, stocky, bird-like hens with a small head and large feet. 👶🏼

Baby Komodo Dragon

The mother of the newborns will also try to protect her future young from possible dangers, she will create false nests in order to lure and deceive potential predators to keep her eggs safe. Then, the incubation of her komodo dragon eggs, which are the size of a grapefruit, will last about three months. This group of eggs, called a brood, will eventually hatch and new beings will see the light of day. In his youth, the claws will be used to climb trees. 🥚

What is unusual is that females can have “virgin births” (Parthenogenesis). This means that they do not need a male to fertilize an egg for it to hatch. The creation of offspring without the help of the opposite sex is called “asexual reproduction”. Komodo dragons can reproduce both sexually and asexually. According to the Smithsonian Institute which manages the Washington National Zoological Park, there is no evidence that parents care for newborns. Knowing that they reach maturity around 5-7 years. 🦎

SYMBOLISM OF THE KOMODO DRAGON

MEANING OF THE KOMODO DRAGON

In this case, the symbolism of the Komodo dragon heralds a time of new adventures and journeys both physical and spiritual. These new experiences will help you orient your creative forces towards the future. Therefore, the significance of the Komodo dragon like the painted turtle lets you know that any seed you sow today will reap great rewards in the future. It’s also imperative that you take the time to go inward and be clear about your intentions and goals. So, the symbolism of the Komodo dragon also reminds you that these changes will be lasting. In other words, decide which direction you want to take, then take action.

Symbolic Komodo Dragon

KOMODO DRAGON TOTEM (SPIRIT ANIMAL)

People with the Komodo dragon totem have a very strong survival instinct and can function with very little. They know how to take quick decisions to act quickly. People with this spirit animal totem will rarely miss any opportunity. Thus, they always stay focused and finish their projects and their goals. These people also have great self-confidence in almost everything they do. In addition, they are passionate about life and aren’t afraid to go it alone if need be.

Totem animal komodo dragon

INTERPRETATION OF THE KOMODO DRAGON DREAM

When you have a Komodo dragon dream, like the cheetah, this means you need to be more flexible in your thinking and decision making. You may also be able to take advantage of the opportunities available to you now. Your agility and discretion will help you get what you want. In other words, go for it! Otherwise, this giant reptile could symbolize real fear. In addition, this fear manifests itself in negative results in your attempts to achieve your goals. You have to dig to find the source and deal with it. Every now and then, this large reptile will appear in your dreams to signal you that you are overlooking an opportunity that is presented to you. In other words, you dismiss something as irrelevant, when it can be anything you’re looking for.

KOMODO DRAGON, WHERE TO FIND THEM IN FRANCE?

As stated beforehand, the Komodo dragon is a protected species, which makes the possibilities of encountering it quite slim. Today, the land where these famous lizards rest is Indonesia, nicknamed the dragon archipelago, you can also find them in Bali in zoos or parks. And in France ? Where can I find a Komodo dragon ? You will ask me, know that there are only two animal parks in France that have the Komodo dragon. The first is Biotropica (in Normandy) and the other, which there acquired and hosted in April 2019, is the Touroparc Zoo (in Saône-et-Loire). In the end, the Komodo monitor remains very rare in France, these two animal parks are the only options, otherwise you will have to leave France to meet them.

Komodo Dragon Biotropica

Each year, more than 18,000 people travel to Indonesia to visit the sites where these animals are still found. Tourism provides an economic incentive for the local population to support the protection of the Komodo dragon . Smithsonian’s National Zoo (Washington) was the first zoo outside of Indonesia to successfully hatch Komodo dragon eggs.

5 FACTS ABOUT THE KOMODO DRAGON

1) THE KOMODO DRAGON IS A BRILLIANT SWIMMER

When you look at the size and length of a Komodo dragon , full of muscles, moving on dry land, you don’t think of being an innate natural swimmer. However, Komodo dragons, like most other reptiles, are seasoned swimmers. They can swim for hours and have been spotted for miles offshore, sometimes to change islands. 🌊

Komodo dragon swimming

2) THE KOMODO DRAGON LIKES TO PLAY

Although very scary to watch, these predators are known to be very playful in captivity. Captive specimens have been seen playing with everyday items like shoes and shovels, or toys like frisbees and ropes. A study was conducted on a captive dragon called “Kraken” at the Smithsonian Zoo, after he began to act strangely towards zoo workers. He has been observed tugging shoe laces with his teeth, or gently removing objects from people’s pockets. 🦎

Komodo dragon running

Zoo workers decided to bring things into his enclosure, such as boxes, blankets, shoes and frisbees, the reptile also enjoyed playing tug of war with the keepers. The observed behavior was interpreted as gambling, as Kraken did not show any aggression and did not do so for a food reward. The Komodo dragon was also able to learn commands, such as walking towards a healer when he whistled, and understanding when it was time to eat when a healer wore brightly colored gloves. 🧤

3) GEORGE HW BUSH RECEIVES A KOMODO DRAGON

The 41st President of the United States, in his mid-four-year term, receives a male Komodo dragon named Naga from the Indonesian government. Despite the temptation to let him run wild in the Oval Office, he decided to donate it to the Cincinnati Zoo. Naga lived to the ripe age of 24, and fathered over 32 baby Komodo dragons . He was one of the main attractions of the Cincinnati Zoo, receiving a million visitors a year and he even went on tour as a conservation officer in 1995. 😯

4) YOUNG KOMODO DRAGONS ROLL AROUND IN EXCREMENT

There is a simple and vital reason for this, and that is that adults are anything but picky and don’t think twice about devouring their own offspring. Until they are large enough to fend for themselves, young Komodo dragons keep away from hungry adults by taking refuge in trees, where they become agile predators that climb up branches. But this is not always enough. When close encounters are imminent, the juveniles make themselves as unappetizing as possible by rolling around in the dung, and that even the most voracious Komodo dragon cannot stand it. 😲

5) KOMODO DRAGON’S TEETH GROW BACK

Komodo dragon hunting

In the mouth of a Komodo dragon are about 60 short, sharp teeth, designed to cut and tear flesh. They look like shark teeth and have been compared to those of an extinct saber-toothed cat. A Komodo dragon goes through four or five sets of teeth in its lifetime. They eat extremely fast, consuming 2 to 3 kg of meat per minute is child’s play for them. 🦷

IS THE KOMODO DRAGON AN ENDANGERED SPECIES?

The Komodo dragon is a unique and rare species. They only live on a few Indonesian islands, called the Lesser Sunda Islands. The largest population is found on Komodo Island. The populations are however decreasing. The IUCN classifies this animal in the category of vulnerable species . This is in part due to ranchers who poison carrion to kill these predators. Their limited living area also puts them in great danger of extinction.. It is estimated that there are only 6,000 Komodo dragons in the wild. This exceptional and endangered species, it deserves protection and respect. Efforts to protect these animals continue in Indonesia and in the zoos that keep these lizards in captivity, by visiting them, you participate too. 🦎

Endangered Komodo Dragon

Although they have been hunted (legally and illegally), their population decline is due to their limited range. No Komodo dragon has been seen on Padar Island since the 1970s, a result of widespread poaching of deer, the reptile’s main source of prey. Komodo National Park, established in 1980, and strict anti-poaching laws have helped protect them, although illegal activity still takes place. The villagers sometimes poison bait carrion to reduce the population , like ranchers in the American West poison sheep carcasses to rid the region of coyotes and mountain lions. The Dutch colonial government put in place protection plans as early as 1915.

Komodo dragon drawing

We’re coming slowly, but surely by the end of this article, there are still quite a few facts and stories about the Komodo dragon that we haven’t explored, however, every good thing comes to an end. Before leaving, if you like this kind of creature, you will surely like what we offer on our store dedicated to dragons , take a little tour young dragon, you will find for example superb kimonos. 🐉

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